There is news of the development of world’s fastest water heater which has enough power to heat water from room temperature to 100,000 degrees Celsius in less than a tenth of a picosecond. Yes, it’s that fast.
In a study titled “Ultrafast non-thermal heating of water initiated by an X-ray Free-Electron Laser”, scientists exposed to water molecules with powerful X-ray beams to push water into an exotic state. The state which scientists are dying to know more about. This research was conducted at the Department of Energy’s SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and is helping scientists to better understand the special characteristics observed with respect to water at temperatures that reach above its plasma point.
We generally use stoves, ovens, and heater to heat water. Since ages humans have been heating objects by transferring the heat from one object to another. But now microwaving has brought a twist in the process by introducing radiation as a method for heating water.
Microwaves are nothing but a type of electromagnetic radiation which finds its utility in radio, television, and cellular devices. Please take note that microwaves are non-ionizing in nature and cannot remove or rearrange atoms of their electrons.
In a microwave oven, the waves emitted are at a frequency which can be readily absorbed by water molecules here the individual molecules absorb the waves, which causes them to vibrate. The energy gained is then absorbed by the molecules surrounding the target vibrating molecule. The energy is then gets distributed across the object, resulting in a rise in its temperature.
This new Heater and technique of heating water is different in a way, owing to the fact that how the water continues to heat in this scenario. The temperature quickly rises resulting in the electrons in the molecules becoming too excited for the nucleus to hold on. Due to this at a moment of time, the electrons are released from the atom leaving the pair of hydrogen and single oxygen particles behind as positive charges.
The process is then repeated randomly in the water resulting in a buildup of positive charge. The positive charges will then violently repel one another, forcing each other in opposite directions. This results in the massive release of energy in form of heat.
What happens next is that in less than 75 millionths of a billionth of a second or 0.000 000 000 000 075 seconds, the water will change its phase from liquid to plasma. This change is so fast that the water does not have time to convert into steam as is the case with normal boiling techniques.
From this research, scientists are positive to gain a more thorough understanding of how water interacts with its surrounding. This is a specific field of study and is based upon a thing without which we cannot live. The real application of this phenomenon is yet to be ascertained.
However, if it becomes commercially safe and feasible then it would be a boon for situations where hot water is a must for survival. Let us all keep our eyes peeled to see where this research goes.