How waves are formed in the ocean?

Progressive Waves:  The waves which move with a steady speed are called progressive waves. They are of two types:

  • Capillary Waves: These are formed when the wind creates pressure over capillarity.
  • Orbital Waves: These are the result of the merging of two liquid forms having different densities.

Also Read: How are bridge columns built underwater?

Refracted waves: These travel in shallow water, the shallowness of the water reduces the power of the wave and it takes a curved path.

Seismic Waves: They are also known as tsunamis, they happen when there is an earthquake on the ocean floor. These carry a lot of energy and cause massive damage to the land.

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