All of us like to drive the cars. But a few of us knows the working of the power steering installed in the cars. In this article, we are going to learn the exact working of the power steering. So, without wasting a single second, let’s get started.
Before the invention of the power steering, it was very difficult for us to turn the front wheels of the car. As it was very difficult to turn the front wheels of vehicles, a lot of road accidents were happening. In 1903, the first power steering got invented. Steering wheel helps the driver to control and operate the vehicle. The earlier steering systems were effective but very hard to operate as compared to the power steering system. Today with easy in operation and controllability, power steering mechanism is enabled with hydraulic or electric actuators. They are used with less physical efforts and increased the command of the driver over the vehicle.
In the older steering system, the mechanical system including the steering shaft in conjunction with the pitman arm lever and shaft were responsible for the movement of the front wheels.
What is the need of the power steering?
As above mentioned this system, allows us to turn the front wheels of our vehicle instantly. Nowadays, everyone wants to purchase his/her own car. Therefore, the number of cars and vehicles on the roads are increasing. If we are not able to turn our vehicle fast in traffic situations then, other people will suffer. So, this is one of the reasons behind having the power steering system.
This system reduces the physical efforts of the driver to steer the front vehicles. While driving old cars of Maruti and other companies, a driver has to apply a larger amount of force in order to turn the vehicles on the roads full of mud and while driving on the bad roads. But due to the power steering, it has become very easy to steer the front vehicles of our car.
After we rotate the steering, it comes to its original position. So, thus the efforts of the driver get reduced while bringing back the steering to its mean or original position.
Do you have any idea about the types of the power steering systems? Well, there are basically three types of the power steering systems. These include: Hydraulic, electric, and the electro-hydraulic power steering system. In all the systems, you will see that the turning motion of the steering wheel is converted into the transverse motion of the front wheels.