The 20th century is recorded as one the progressive centuries of the past but it is never easy for those who have authority to proceed with such an evolutionary phase without being cruel. This leads to the idea of different logical trials on people. Nowadays we have moral commissions that choose whether restorative research can be performed on humans, however, back in the day there was no such concept.
Pharmaceuticals or fatal compound weapons that were created would be tried on genuine people to see the full degree of their adequacy. Sometimes other psychological and medical experiments were conducted in which some disease or other chemical compounds would be induced in the subjects so that their immediate and delayed reactions could be studied.
While the subjects of these experiments varied, most of the times these would be prisoners of the war. The thread of these studies stretches all over the world but most of the experiments were carried out in developed countries. Researchers were not sure of the consequences in almost all of the experiments except for those which are related to psychology as in this particular subject the approach was unprofessional and unethical.
To highlight the dark era of research that we had to go through, we’ve compiled a list of some of the most horrible experiments that wouldn’t be allowed today.
15.NAZI EXPERIMENTATION ON PRISONERS OF WAR
During World War II (early to mid-1940’Naziszis conducted several cruel experiments on humans. A large number of prisoners and children were forced to live in their concentrated camps so that nazi party could carry out trials. more than 30 types of medical experiments were conducted without the consent of the victims, who endured indefinable agony, mutilation, lasting incapacity and even deaths.
Out of many brutal experiments, the ones that caused the most deaths were Sulfanilamide, high altitude experiments, freezing, tuberculosis, Phosgene Gas. Artificial insemination which cost the lives of thousands of people and the most famous experiment was conducted on more than 1000 pairs of twins in which around 200 survived.
14.THE MONSTER EXPERIMENT ON ORPHANS
In 1939 a very malign psychological experiment was carried out and the subjects of this one were children living in Davenport, Iowa. Around 22 orphan children were chosen to perform this evil psychological trial which disturbed their potential to learn and speak with their full confidence through out their lives.
The procedure of this experiment was very simple, subjects were divided into two groups after which half of the children were given an appreciating and encouraging speech therapy while the other half were given a downgrading and discouraging speech therapy which resulted as half of them lost their confidence to express whatever they wanted to and even ended up thinking that they didn’t have a right to speak at all. Even this was not enough so their mistakes were pointed out every time they made a speech mistake. They were called stutterers and this caused a permanent psychological disorder as they were only at their learning stage.
Wendell Johnson and his student Mary Tudor were responsible for conducting this experiment but the truth of their actions was not revealed for a long time. Later in 2001 the university of lowa publicly confessed and apologized for what they did in the past but it didn’t make much difference for the orphans as it was too late by then.
13.EFFECTS OF NUCLEAR TESTS ON RESIDENTS OF MARSHALL ISLAND
A large number of nuclear weapon experiments were conducted during the creation of the nuclear bomb after 1945 on barren lands, oceans and on decently populated islands.
In March of 1954, the U.S government decided to conduct a nuclear test known as Project 4.1 near the Marshall Islands. The inhabitants of these islands were exposed to a lot of radiations and while there was an increase in skin disease, those effects were still not severe enough to be associated with a nuclear experiment. The actual effects started showing later on which involved thyroid cancer and skin cancer while the affected women gave birth to children who were mentally and physically handicapped.
After the experiment, the U.S government had to pay millions of dollars in damages to the thousands of Marshallese living on the islands.
12.RADIATION EXPERIMENTS ON SOLDIERS WITHOUT PERMISSION
Long before Project 4.1 and its effects on the Marshallese people, another major nuclear project was carried out by known as the Manhattan Project which paved the way for nuclear weapons that were dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. To test the effects of radiation on humans, the United States along with the support of UK and Canada injected soldiers with isotopes of Uranium and Plutonium without their knowledge and consent.
This is not all as the subjects were not only soldiers but also some of the unsuspecting patients admitted to nearby hospitals. It is estimated that almost 24 people died as a result of these experiments and hundreds more suffered some serious radioactive injuries after being dosed with the highly reactive chemicals.
11.TESTING THE EFFECTS OF MUSTARD GAS ON SOLDIERS
For the very purpose of war when all the chemical weapons were to be tested the most difficult task was to check the effectiveness of the Mustard gas on a human body. The mustard gas which was delegated as a concoction weapon could not have volunteers so it was experimented on the war soldiers who had zero knowledge that a potentially lethal gas was being tested on them. The most immediate reaction of this bio-weapon was a severe pain in their outer body followed by serious itching on the skin.
Sulfur mustard is a very hard chemical compound which not only destroys the skin but it also effects the lungs. Full exposure to this compound can cause blisters on the body and not only that, it also causes unexpected blindness of the eyes exposed to this gas.